Hatshepsut

Screenshot 2018-03-14 19.09.07here another story from the book Goodnight stories for rebel girls. It is the story of Hatshepsut, a woman who became pharaoh in the Ancient Egypt.

Long before Cleopatra, a woman ruled Egypt for twenty-five years. Her name was Hatshepsut and she was the first woman to become pharaoh.

At the time, the idea of a woman being pharaoh was so strange that Hatshepsut had to act as she was a man in order to convince Egyptians that she was their legitimate leader. She proclaimed herself king and not queen; she wore men’s clothes and sometimes even put on a false beard!

Hatshepsut reigned longer and more successfully than any other pharaoh in all Egyptian history. But apparently that wasn’t enough. Twenty years after she died, someone tried to erase her from history. Statues of her were smashed, and her name was removed from the records.

Why? Because, a femal pharaoh freaked people out. What if her succes encouraged other women to seek power? Thankfully, it’s not so easy erase the memory of someone immortalized in stone.

Enough traces of her life and work remained for modern archeologists to piece together her story.

Hatshepsut’s mummy, wrappen in linen and perfumed with resins, had been removed from her original grave and hidden, but it was found in the Valley of the Kings a few years ago.

 


For the teacher:

Goodnight stories for rebel girls in Italian is Storie della buonanotte per bambine ribelli.

The beautiful illustration is by Eleni Kalorkoti: here the link to her site.

Russian salad (insalata russa)

Screenshot 2018-03-14 19.09.07there are many ways to make Russian salad. Here is a very easy recipe.

Ingredients:

  • 4 medium potatoes
  • 4 big carrots
  • 200 gr of  peas (fresh or frozen or canned, as you prefer)
  • 400 gr of green beans
  • 300 gr of cauliflower
  • 3 medium cans of tunafish
  • 4 anchovy fillets
  • a small jar of pickled capers
  • 1 teaspoon of mustard
  • 1 teaspoon of vinegar
  • a small jar of mayonnaise
  • salt
  •  vegetables in oil and in vinegar for decoration

Directions:

Cook the vegetables in salted water and cut them into cubes.  Put them in a big bowl, then add minced capers and anchovies. Season with vinaigre and mustard.

Add three-quarter of the mayonnaise to the vegetables and mix. Now you can decorate your salad with a last layer of mayonnaise and the vegetables in oil and in vinegar.

Put it in the fridge for at least a couple of hours, better all the night.

And enjoy it!

Alexander Beetle

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here is a little poem you might like.

ALEXANDER BEETLE
by A. A. Milne

I found a little beetle; so that Beetle was his name,
And I called him Alexander and he answered just the same.
I put him in a match-box, and I kept him all the day …
And Nanny let my beetle out –
Yes, Nanny let my beetle out –
She went and let my beetle out –
And Beetle ran away.

She said she didn’t mean it, and I never said she did,
She said she wanted matches and she just took off the lid,
She said that she was sorry, but it’s difficult to catch
An excited sort of beetle you’ve mistaken for a match.

She said that she was sorry, and I really mustn’t mind,
As there’s lots and lots of beetles which she’s certain we could find,
If we looked about the garden for the holes where beetles hid –
And we’d get another match-box and write BEETLE on the lid.

We went to all the places which a beetle might be near,
And we made the sort of noises which a beetle likes to hear,
And I saw a kind of something, and I gave a sort of shout:
“A beetle-house and Alexander Beetle coming out!”

It was Alexander Beetle I’m as certain as can be,
And he had a sort of look as if he thought it must be Me,
And he had a sort of look as if he thought he ought to say:
“I’m very very sorry that I tried to run away.”

And Nanny’s very sorry too for you-know-what-she-did,
And she’s writing ALEXANDER very blackly on the lid,
So Nan and Me are friends, because it’s difficult to catch
An excited Alexander you’ve mistaken for a match.

 


For the teacher:

A. A. Milne is the author of Winnie the Pooh, who wrote lots of beautiful poem for kids.

Here is the song on YouTube by Melanie Safka.

The beautiful illustration is by Frances Watts.

Chocolate Salami (Salame di Cioccolata)

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here is a very easy recipe that you can prepare by yourself when you invite your friends at home for tea time: the Chocolate Salami.

Ingredients

  • 300g Crunchy biscuits, without butter (do you know Oro Saiwa? something so)
  • 150g Butter
  • 200g Dark chocolate
  • 2 Eggs
  • 100g Sugar
  • 2 Tablespoons icing sugar
  1. Cut the butter into pieces and let it warm to room temperature. Then add sugar and eggs, and mix.
  2. Break the chocolate bars into pieces and put them into a small bowl. Ask an adult to melt the chocolate using the “bagno Maria” method (put the bowl on boiling water in a small pot). When the chocolate is completely melted, set the bowl aside and let the chocolate cool.
  3. Break the biscuits using your hands; make them into crumbs.
  4. Add chocolate to the butter and mix.
  5. Then add this mixture to the crumbs and mix again.
  6. Take the dough and make the shape of a salami. Wrap it in a layer of plastic film or greaseproof paper.
  7. Put the chocolate salami in the fridge for 3 hours or more.
  8. Then remove the salami from the paper and dust it with icing sugar.
  9. Cut into slices and serve.

Enjoy it!

 

Hypatia of Alexandria

Screenshot 2018-03-14 19.09.07here is the story of Hypatia, a great scientist and philosopher who lived in ancient Alexandria. You can find this story on the book Goodnight stories for rebel girls, by Elena Favilli and Francesca Cavallo.

Once upon a time, in the Ancient Egyptian city of Alexandria, there was a huge library. The largest library in the whole world at that point, this was a library with no books, and no paper. People wrote on papyrus (which was made from a plant), which they rolled into scrolls instead of having flat books like we have today. In this ancient library, there were thousands of scrolls, each handwritten by a scribe and carefully kept on a shelf.

In the library at Alexandria, a father and a daughter sat side by side studying scrolls together. Philosophy, math, and science were their favorite subjects.

Their names were Theon and Hypatia.

Hypatia solved equations and put forward new theories about geometry and arithmetic. She liked studying so much that soon she started to write her own books (oops! scrolls!). She even built an instrument, called an astrolabe, for calculating the position of the Sun, the Moon , and the stars at any given time.

Hypatia taught astronomy and her classes were always popular; students and other scholars crowded in to here her to speak. She refused to wear traditional women’s clothes, and gave her lectures dressed in scholars’ robes like the other teachers. Sadly, all her works were destroyed when the library burned down. But luckily, her students wrote to each other about Hypatia and her brilliant ideas, so we could also learn about this genius of Alexandria.